Detection and treatment of cardiac arrhythmias

Cardiac arrhythmia can appear serious and alarming, and it can be assumed to automatically indicate heart disease. However, there are different types of arrhythmias, not all of which indicate that the patient has heart disease, not all of which require treatment, and not all of which are dangerous. It is important to be familiar with this phenomenon and to know which types a cardiologist needs to be consulted with and what type of arrhythmia requires treatment and monitoring, as failure to observe some of these phenomena can be harmful and even fatal.

First, arrhythmia (also known as an irregular heartbeat) is a term that describes any type of irregular heartbeat, which means a disturbance in the state of the electrical activity of the heart. An arrhythmia condition can mean that your heart rate is beating faster than normal (tachycardia), slower than normal (bradycardia), or simply irregularly. A regular heart rate varies between 50 and 100 beats per minute. Anything above or below can mean that you have a heart condition.

As already mentioned, however, not all types of arrhythmias have to be considered. Here is a list of the main types of this condition:

Premature ear contractions - The first type of arrhythmia that is not dangerous. In this condition, there are early additional punches that come from the atria. These additional punches are harmless and require no treatment.

Premature Ventricular Contractions (PVC) - A common arrhythmia disorder that describes a missed heartbeat. It can be caused by heart disease, among others, and people who have a lot of PVC should be diagnosed by a cardiologist.

Atrial Fibrillation - This is another common type of arrhythmia that leads to abnormal atrial contraction.

Atrial Flutter - This is a more structured diagnosis than flicker. People with heart disease or people who have had heart surgery usually have this arrhythmia.

Ventricular tachycardia - A fast heart rate that prevents the heart from filling up with blood and then pumping it into the body. It is a very serious condition.

Supraventricular Tachycardia - This is similar to ventricular tachycardia, but arises above the ventricular tissue and is less dangerous.

Ventricular Fibrillation - This is a serious condition that should be treated immediately with CPR and defibrillation. The ventricles cannot contract or pump blood into the body.

Long QT Syndrome - The heart muscle takes longer than usual to contract and then recover, or to trigger and then recharge through the electrical impulse. In this case, the risk of ventricular tachycardia increases. Long QT syndrome is an inherited disorder.

Bradyarrhythmias - A slow heartbeat that can result from a disease in the heart's electrical system.

Recurring Nodular AV Tachycardia - This is a rapid heart rate that is due to multiple routes through the AV node and can cause palpitations, fainting, or even heart failure.

Heart block - A delay or complete blockage of the electrical pulse as it travels from the sinus node to the ventricles. In severe cases, the heart block is treated with a pacemaker.

There are different types of treatments for different types of irregular heartbeat. If the heart rhythm disorder is caused by a heart condition, the patient may need to undergo heart surgery to treat the problem. Other solutions include: a pacemaker transplant to maintain a stable heart rate, the use of an electric shock can be given to the chest to synchronize the heart (a process called electrical cardioversion), and the destruction of myocardial cells that cause radio frequency energy problems (radio frequency ablation) ).

Arrhythmia does not always manifest itself in physical symptoms. Sometimes you notice the problem and sometimes you don't. All types of irregular heartbeat can be diagnosed with a routine medical examination. It is not recommended not to overlook this type of condition. If you feel that something is wrong or that your heart rate is abnormal, you should see a doctor immediately.



The heart works like a machine that receives impure blood from all organs in the body, sends it to the lungs for cleansing, receives pure blood from the lungs and sends it to other parts of the body. This is made possible by the presence of four chambers and two main valves in the heart. The process is rhythmic, with the heart expanding and contracting each time the heart beats to take in blood (from other parts of the body and lungs) and expel it (into the lungs and other parts of the heart). The heart's Lub-Dub sound during this process is generated after the two main valves are closed when the heart is being pumped.

This rhythmic process is created by electrical stimulation of a tissue called a sinoatrial knot or SA knot. This node generates electrical impulses that are transmitted to the heart muscles so that they can expand or contract rhythmically. Any condition that interferes with the generation of pulses from the SA node or its transmission to the heart muscles can lead to cardiac arrhythmias.

Arrhythmia - types, risks and treatment

If the heart beats too fast, one speaks of tachycardia [ABC1]. If the heart rate is too slow, it is called bradycardia [ABC2]. Details of the symptoms and causes of tachycardia and bradycardia can be found in the individual articles on these diseases.

Although it may not be embarrassing to many, arrhythmia can often lead to life-threatening situations if it is not treated. The most common complications with irregular heartbeat are stroke and heart failure.

Treatment options for irregular heartbeat include:

Medications such as calcium channel blockers, beta blockers, and digoxin pacemakers - a device that is implanted in the chest like the SADefribillator node - a device that delivers a current surge to the heart muscles to correct the heartbeat for abnormal catheter removal - a procedure in which abnormal regions of the Cardiac muscles / tissues responsible for an abnormal rhythm are destroyed. Surgical therapy - used to repair heart valves or other underlying abnormalities that cannot be corrected for drugs or medical procedures


With proper care, people with cardiac arrhythmia can lead normal lives. Medications, if recommended, should be taken regularly. A regular visit to the doctor is required to monitor the condition. A healthy lifestyle with proper nutrition can prevent complications from occurring.

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