Factors of female infertility
Several factors can lead to infertility in women. One of the most common causes of infertility is damage to the fallopian tubes. The fallopian tubes play a very important role in fertilization because they must be clear and open so that the egg and sperm can successfully meet. If the fallopian tubes are blocked or unclear, this can lead to several problems that lead to infertility. The most common causes of blocked fallopian tubes are the presence of scar tissue and adhesions in the pelvic area.
These adhesions can occur for a variety of reasons including endometriosis, family history, previous surgeries, and disorders such as pelvic inflammatory disease. Pelvic adhesions can also be present or develop in the uterus and cause problems with the implantation of the embryo required for fertilization. To determine the severity and extent of pelvic adhesions, the doctor needs to find out about the patient's and her family's history, and understand the causes of the adhesions, which may be infections, surgery, or problems.
If a doctor needs to check for an obstruction of the fallopian tubes, a hysterosalpingogram (HSG) is created. This is an x-ray that sends a dye into the fallopian tubes to determine if they are blocked. A hysterosonogram can also be performed, which is a transvaginal ultrasound that is used to visualize the uterus. A vaginal probe is used to perform an ultrasound and then saline is slowly injected into the uterus to determine the contents of the uterus. It is recommended to do this test in the second week of the menstrual cycle, as this would most likely mean that the woman is not pregnant during the procedure and therefore the uterine cavity can be seen in a much clearer way. , First, the uterus and ovaries are checked with an ultrasound probe and then a vaginal probe is inserted into the vagina. A small piece of tissue is removed and examined to determine if there are abnormal cells in the vagina. The side effects of the hysterosonogram do not usually occur in many women, and although there are side effects like vaginal bleeding and cramps, they are not serious and usually go away after a few days.
Hysteroscopy is a medical procedure that is performed using an instrument called a hysteroscope. It resembles a telescope that is inserted through the cervix into the uterus to get a clear view of the uterine cavity. With this test, the doctor can determine the presence of polyps, fibroids and such abnormalities. This test is done after menstruation because there is no risk of pregnancy at this time. These are some of the diseases that can lead to female infertility and the treatments that are commonly used to reduce or check female infertility.
Hair loss and other possible side effects of fertility drugs
Perhaps the most important thing in a woman's life is the birth of a child. But many women have ovulation irregularities and are very difficult to get pregnant. Not all women can receive naturally. Infertility is inherently a complex condition, many methods are required before a possible diagnosis is made.
To increase the likelihood of pregnancy, women with infertility problems consult a doctor and are treated with fertility tablets. Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is the most common problem in women that prevents ovulation.
One of the most common infertility medications is clomid (clomiphene citrate) because it is cheap and easy to take (in pill form and not by injection). The drug stimulates ovulation. The three main hormones in the ovulation process are: - Gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) - Luteinizing hormone (LH) - Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH).
Although it has the potential to cause hair loss, women consider it risky. But it's not the only side effect of this drug. Clomid can cause multiple births: twins, triplets, quintuplets and quintuplets. Other side effects include: increased appetite, depression, mood swings, nausea and vomiting, breast tenderness, headache, acute abdominal discomfort, diarrhea, gas, dermatitis or dizziness (tiredness).
Clomid is very effective - 80% start ovulating and 40 to 45% of these women get pregnant in a maximum of 6 cycles.
It is best to discuss all the advantages and disadvantages with your doctor. After that, you can choose to try this medicine. Discuss all options with your doctor.